Korunk 2018 (III. folyam 29.)

2018 / 8. szám = Café noir kávéházak, kaszinók... - Abstracts

a city built at the crossing of water and land routes, which began its develop­ment at the end of the 17th century, was vastly influenced by its geographic position and, more specifically, by its position next to the Danube and its multinational character. Along with the economic and social development, Újvidék/Novi Sad also has a rich and interesting history of its spaces con­nected to the city dwellers’ leisure time, i.e. its pubs, restaurant and coffee shops. The world of the Danubian har­bor, populated by tradespeople, soldiers and travelers, was complemented here by the places preferred by the mostly Serbian citizenship, priests, intellec­tuals, German tradespeople, Hungarian bureaucrats and poorer social groups. The history of the urban leisure spaces and catering establishments seems to develop as the scene of Újvidék/Novi Sad’s social life, reflecting its multina­tional, multireligious and multicultu­ral character. Szidónia Szakács ■ Catering, Coffee Shops and Leisure Time in Cluj/Kolozsvár during the Dualist Era (1870-1880) Keywords: Cluj/Kolozsvár, dualism, catering, cofee shop, leisure time The catering industry of Cluj/Kolozsvár started a sweeping development in the 1870s with the many newly established restaurants, cofee and pastry shops as well as hotels, which lasted during the entire dualist era. On the basis of the articles published in the “Magyar Pol­gár” (“Hungarian Citizen”) founded by Miklós K. Papp, this paper provides an insight into the life of the city’s coffee shops, restaurants and hotels. The lo­cal characteristics of catering, with its charity evenings, billiard exhibitions, pastry products and other special features, also reflect the opportunities provided to tourism by this city. Insti­tutionalized leisure only included in this period the skating and the chess associatation, presented along with the city’s beach, the Diana Bath. 127 )DC 2018/8